Abortion-Rights Movements: The abortion-rights movement in the United States (also known as the pro-choice movement) is a sociopolitical movement in the United States that advocates for a woman’s legal right to an elective abortion, or the right to terminate her pregnancy, and is part of a larger global abortion-rights movement.
There is no single centralized decision-making body in the movement, which is made up of a multitude of organizations.
The 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade by the United States Supreme Court, which threw down most state laws restricting abortion, decriminalizing and legalizing elective abortion in a number of states, was a watershed moment in abortion rights in the United States.
The anti-abortion movement (also known as the pro-life movement) in the United States argues that human embryos and fetuses have a right to life, and that abortion violates this right and should be prohibited or restricted.
Many members of this group believe that human personhood begins at conception, a position that is opposed by many abortion rights organizations.
Roe v. Wade Abortion Rights Campaign in The United States
Roe v. Wade was a pivotal court case in the abortion rights campaign in the United States. A Texas district court heard the lawsuit for the first time in June 1970. The Texas abortion statute was found to be unconstitutional, and the case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
This law made it illegal to have an abortion unless the mother’s life would be jeopardized if the child was born. When Norma McCorvey, a woman from Texas, sought to have an abortion, she took her case to the United States Supreme Court.
In the case, she was given the alias “Jane Roe,” and the defendant was Dallas County District Attorney Henry Wade. Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington, McCorvey’s lawyers, filed a complaint on her behalf, contending that several articles of the Texas penal code, 1191-1194 and 1196, were unconstitutional.
The lawyers argued that these articles violated the Ninth Amendment of the United States Constitution by taking away a woman’s liberty to choose.
The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Jane Roe on January 22, 1972, overturning a Texas law that only allowed abortions if the mother’s life was in jeopardy.
This was a watershed moment for the country, as it legalized abortions across the board. The court’s ruling was made after considering the three trimesters of pregnancy.
The verdict gave women the freedom to choose whether or not to have an abortion in the first trimester, with no restrictions from the government. The government would be able to restrict abortions after a woman reaches the second trimester.
The government’s intervention at this point does not imply that abortions are prohibited, but it does mean that they have the authority to decide whether a woman should be able to have an abortion if her health is in jeopardy.
The state has the jurisdiction to approve or deny an abortion after a woman reaches the third trimester. The state’s decision is based on the fetus’ ability to live outside the womb. If it can, the state will not allow abortion unless the mother’s life or health is in jeopardy.
Roe v. Wade has had a significant impact on the abortion rights movement in the United States. Some women would have had to resort to dangerous and illegal abortions before this Supreme Court case, which may have cost them their health or possibly their lives.
This case gave women greater options when it came to deciding whether or not to undergo an abortion. Since the verdict, states have enacted legislation making it more difficult for women to obtain abortions.
The Supreme Court Voted to Overturn Roe v Wade
According to a draught opinion obtained by Politico, the US Supreme Court has tentatively voted to overturn Roe v Wade, the landmark decision that legalized abortion statewide in the United States.
Politico said on Monday evening that it had gotten an initial majority opinion authored by Justice Samuel Alito and circulated among the court on February 10 in what looked to be a remarkable and unusual leak.
The decision overturns Roe v Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court decision that established the constitutional right to abortion, as well as Planned Parenthood v Casey, a 1992 decision that mainly sustained that right.
“Roe was egregiously incorrect from the outset,” Alito said, according to Politico. Its logic was woefully inadequate, and the decision had disastrous effects. Roe and Casey have enflamed discussion and increased division rather than bringing about a national settlement on the abortion problem.”
“We hold that Roe and Casey must be overridden,” the justice continues. It’s past time to follow the constitution and hand abortion back to the people’s elected representatives.”
How Politicians Reacted to Overturning Roe v Wade?
Overturning Roe v Wade, according to Democrats, would be disastrous. They were led by Nancy Pelosi, the House speaker, and Chuck Schumer, the Senate majority leader, who released a joint statement calling such a move “an outrage, one of the worst and most harmful decisions in modern history.”
They also tried to make Roe v Wade a campaign issue for the upcoming midterm elections. “At this vital moment, we must protect and increase Democrats’ Senate majority with the capacity to confirm or reject supreme court justices,” said Christie Roberts, executive director of the Democratic senatorial campaign. Republicans applauded the purported vote while also condemning the leak.
Reversing Roe v Wade Means Now For US
It’s worth repeating that votes could still alter, implying that the seeming draught opinion is still just that — a draught. However, if the supreme court rules in the manner proposed by the leaked paper, the implications will be swift and far-reaching.
Because the ability to terminate a pregnancy has never been codified in US law, reversing Roe v Wade would let individual states make their own decisions on how to proceed.
Twenty-six of them are likely to act rapidly, with many having “trigger” laws in place that would take effect immediately in specific situations. That means women in those states would face immediate restrictions on their rights to get an abortion, making the United States one of just four countries in nearly 30 years to do so.